Convict settlement

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What is the history of Tasmania?

Convict settlement

Britain sent convicts to Van Diemen's Land (now Tasmania) as early as 1804. The first shipment arrived, with soldiers and free settlers, in Sullivans Cove (Hobart). During the next 30 years convict stations were established at Sarah Island, Maria Island, Port Arthur and many other places. Today they are historic sites, where you can see buildings and artefacts and hear about convicts' existence of cold, hunger, hard labour and cruel punishment. These conditions drove many to escape, either to be recaptured, or die for lack of survival skills or become bushrangers, such as Matthew Brady and Martin Cash.



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