Major landmarks in Canberra include the new Parliament House (opened in 1988); the Church of Saint John the Baptist (1840s); Captain Cook Memorial Water Jet, located in Lake Burley Griffin; and the Australian War Memorial, which includes a museum and an art gallery. Other sites include the National Library (1960); the Australian National Gallery (1982), housing works by Australian and other artists; the High Court of Australia building; and the civic center. Major educational institutions and academic organizations in the Canberra area are the Australian National University (1946), Canberra School of Music (1965), the University of Canberra (1990; formerly Canberra College of Advanced Education), the Australian Defence Force Academy (1981), the Australian Academy of Science (1954), and the Australian Academy of the Humanities (1969). Mount Stromlo Observatory is also here. Canberra serves as the headquarters of Australia´s largest scientific research body, the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization.
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|Jennifer Mathes, Ph.D.|