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Under the Australian constitution, industrial controls on labour are divided between the Commonwealth and the states. Federal power is confined to disputes extending beyond the limits of any one state. Compulsory arbitration has been established at a federal and state level. Arbitration and conciliation courts or boards have the power to make awards binding on employer and employee.
Workers are entitled to compensation for job-related injuries by law, and minimum wage laws have been in place in the country since 1907.