Question:

What is the history of the ACT?

Canberra Landmarks

When you're in Canberra, it's essential to know what to visit. With so many embassies around, it's easy to miss the really important landmarks. The best sights are:

*the new Parliament House (opened in 1988); half-buried and featuring a beautiful stretch of green lawn

*the Church of Saint John the Baptist (1840s)

*Captain Cook Memorial Water Jet, located in Lake Burley Griffin

*the Australian War Memorial, which includes a museum and an art gallery.

Other sites include the National Library (1960); the Australian National Gallery (1982), which houses works by Australian and other artists; the High Court of Australia building; and the civic center.

Geography

The Australian Capital Territory is entirely surrounded by the state of New South Wales. It is bordered by three rivers to the south, north-east and west, and a railway line in the east proper.

The ACT contains cultivated farm land as well as the city of Canberra. The entire area is well above sea level, with the lowest point, located on the Murrumbidgee River, being 429m above sea level.

The territory contains several mountains, the highest being Mt Bimberi, which is located on the south-west border with New South Wales.

The ACT has a number of national parks including the Namadgi National Park, which contains Mt Bimberi. The park meets the Kosciuszko National Park which is located in New South Wales, and supplies 85% of the territory's water.

History Chronological

History of Australian Capital Territory

1820 - Joseph Wild, James Vaughan and Charles Throsby Smith came across the area of Canberra during their discovery of the Limestone Plains.
1821 - Discovery of Murrumbidgee.
1824 - Joshua John Moore had land granted on the Limestone Plains, and named the property 'Canberry', after overhearing Aborigines using the word. "Kamberra" is the Aboriginal word for meeting place.
1845 - Saint John's Church of England was completed.
1859 - The post office was opened.
1869 - Goulburn was linked with rail.
1876 - Yass was linked by rail.
1901 - Federation.
1911 - The area of the Australian Capital Territory was taken from the state of New South Wales.
1913 - Canberra was formally named as the Official Capital.
1914 - Rail extended to Queanbeyan.
1928 - Parliament House moved to Canberra from Melbourne.
1941 - Australian War Memorial was built.
1954 - The Australian-American Memorial was built.
1962 - King Avenue Bridge was constructed.
1962 - The new town of Woden was formed.
1963 - Commonwealth Avenue Bridge was built.
1965 - Anzac Parade was developed.
- The Royal Australian Mint was opened.
1968 - The National Library was opened.
1970 - National Botanic Gardens, Carillon, Captain Cook Memorial was opened.
1973 - Tuggeranong become the third town.
1975 - Guingahlin was the forth town.
1988 - The Australian Capital Territory (Self Government Act) was passed.

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