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Martin Cash (1810-77)
Cash was born in Ireland. At the age of 17 he wounded a rival in a love affair, was convicted of attempted murder and transported to New South Wales for seven years. Good behaviour earned him his freedom; in 1837 he came to Van Diemen's Land with his de facto wife Bessie Clifford and settled in Campbell Town. Three years later he was convicted of larceny and sentenced to seven years in Richmond Gaol. He escaped and worked in the Huon district until he was recognised, arrested and sent to Port Arthur Prison. He escaped again, this time into the bush around New Norfolk (north-west of Hobart). He lived by bushranging (bushrangers lived in the bush and supported themselves by stealing and other crimes). In 1843 he killed a constable who was trying to arrest him and was sentenced to life imprisonment on Norfolk Island. Ten years later he was released, married a convict servant, was appointed caretaker of Government House gardens in Hobart and later bought an orchard at Glenorchy. In 1870 he published 'Martin Cash, the Bushranger of Van Diemen's Land' and became one of Australia's best known romantic robbers. He was buried at Cornelian Bay cemetery in Hobart.